Safe Routes to School

Eligible/Ineligible Activities

Eligible Activities

Eligible activities for Safe Routes to School (SRTS) projects cover these types of projects:

  • Infrastructure
  • Noninfrastructure
Infrastructure Projects

Projects include the planning, design and construction of infrastructure-related projects that substantially improve the ability of students to walk and bicycle to school.

Below is a list of potential infrastructure projects that some states have used for existing SRTS or related programs. This list is not intended to be comprehensive; other types of projects that are not on this list may be eligible if they meet the objectives of reducing speeds and improving pedestrian and bicycle safety and access.

  • Sidewalk improvements: new sidewalks, sidewalk widening, sidewalk gap closures, sidewalk repairs, curbs, gutters and curb ramps
  • Traffic calming and speed reduction improvements: roundabouts, bulb-outs, speed humps, raised crossings, raised intersections, median refuges, narrowed traffic lanes, lane reductions, full- or half-street closures, automated speed enforcement and variable speed limits
  • Pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements: crossings, median refuges, raised crossings, raised intersections, traffic control devices (including new or upgraded traffic signals, pavement markings, traffic stripes, in-roadway crossing lights, flashing beacons, bicycle-sensitive signal actuation devices, pedestrian countdown signals, permanent vehicle speed feedback signs, and pedestrian activated signal upgrades) and sight distance improvements
  • On-street bicycle facilities: new or upgraded bicycle lanes, widened outside lanes or roadway shoulders, geometric improvements, turning lanes, channelization and roadway realignment, traffic signs and pavement markings
  • Off-street bicycle and pedestrian facilities: exclusive multiuse bicycle and pedestrian trails and pathways that are separated from a roadway
  • Secure bicycle parking facilities: bicycle parking racks, bicycle lockers, designated areas with safety lighting and covered bicycle shelters
  • Traffic diversion improvements: separation of pedestrians and bicycles from vehicular traffic adjacent to school facilities, and traffic diversion away from school zones or designated routes to a school
  • Traffic diversion improvements in the vicinity of schools

Planning, design and engineering expenses, including consultant services, associated with developing eligible infrastructure projects are also eligible to receive infrastructure funds.

Noninfrastructure Projects

Projects include education, enforcement and encouragement efforts. Education efforts include teaching children about bicycling and walking safety skills, the health effects of walking and biking, the impact to the environment, the broad range of transportation choices, and events and activities that promote walking and biking to school safely. Enforcement efforts include ensuring that traffic laws are obeyed (including enforcement of speeds, yielding to pedestrians in crossings and proper walking and bicycling behaviors, and initiating community enforcement activities. Encouragement includes bike, pedestrian, and school-related giveaways and other materials. Following are examples of these kinds of projects.

Education
  • Implementation/distribution of educational curricula in the classroom
  • Pedestrian safety field trips
  • Implementing/distributing interactive pedestrian/bicycle safety video game (ex: FHWA's "Safer Journey," National Safety Council's "Step to Safety")
  • Events and activities such as: bicycle rodeos, Walk and Bike to School Day activities, school assemblies, walking school buses, bike trains, etc.
  • Substitute teachers to cover faculty attending SRTS events during school hours
  • Stipends for parent or staff coordinators (typically to reimburse volunteers for materials and expenses needed for coordination and efforts; "super-volunteer" pay is possible in rare cases)
  • Costs to employ a SRTS program manager to run a SRTS program for an entire city, county, or other area-wide division that includes numerous schools
Encouragement
  • Equipment and training needed for establishing a crossing guard program
  • Regular training for crossing guards
  • Law enforcement or equipment needed for enforcement activities
  • Targeted driver actions at crosswalks and intersections
  • Vehicle speed feedback signs (mobile only, subject to approval)
  • Neighborhood watch programs
  • Photo enforcement
Enforcement
  • Mileage clubs
  • Bicycle helmet giveaways and fittings
Evaluation