The severity of a penalty depends on the severity of the infraction committed. Here is a list of the most common infractions and the penalties they incur.
Driving on a Suspended or Revoked License
If you are cited for driving on a revoked or suspended license your vehicle may be impounded by the law enforcement agency for up to 30 days.
Failure to Appear or Pay Fine for Traffic Citation
Your driver license will not be issued or renewed if MVD has been notified that you have not appeared in court for a traffic violation charge. When you are cited for a traffic violation, your signature on the citation is a promise to appear in traffic court. If you fail to appear in court, or fail to pay a fine, the court may direct MVD to suspend your driving privilege. When you have satisfied the court, you may take the court documents to any driver license office to apply for reinstatement of your driving privilege.
If you are under 18, your driving privilege may be suspended for failure to appear in court, pay a fine or failure to comply with any court order.
Altered or Fictitious License
It is unlawful to display any license that you know is canceled, revoked, suspended, fictitious or altered. It is also illegal to alter a license or obtain a false driver license. These actions will result in your driving privilege being suspended; you are also subject to possible fines and/or a jail sentence.
If you are under 18, it is unlawful to use false identification to cause a person to sell, serve, give or furnish a nitrous oxide container. These actions will result in your driving privilege being suspended; you are also subject to possible fines and/or a jail sentence. Nitrous oxide is commonly known as laughing gas and has a variety of uses, including as an anesthetic by doctors and dentists. It can also be addictive and long-term use may cause severe medical problems or death.
These are the suspension penalties:
- First offense: Your driving privilege will be suspended for six months
- Second and subsequent offenses: Your driving privilege will be suspended for 12 months.
You may be cited for aggressive driving if you commit a series of acts during a single, continuous period of driving that presents an immediate hazard to another person or vehicle, exceed the posted speed limit and commit two of the following violations.
- Failure to obey traffic control signs or signals
- Passing another vehicle on the right side
- Unsafe lane change
- Following too close
- Failure to yield to emergency vehicles
These are the penalties for aggressive driving:
- First offense: You will be required to attend a Traffic Survival School course and your license may be suspended for 30 days.
- Second and subsequent offenses: If you commit a second offense within 24 months, you are guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor and your license will be revoked for 12 months.
If you run a red light and cause an accident that results in life-threatening injuries to another driver or passenger, you may be fined up to $500 and your driving privilege may be suspended for three months. Additionally, you may be ordered to perform community service.
If you cause an accident that results in the death to another driver or passenger you may be fined of up to $1,000 and your driving privilege may be suspended for six months. Additionally, you may be ordered to perform community service.
Anytime you run a red light (or flashing red light) you must attend traffic survival school. If you fail to attend, your driving privilege will be suspended until the class is completed.
Failure to Stop at an Accident
If you are a driver involved in an accident where there is damage to a vehicle, injury or death, you are required by law to stop your vehicle at the scene of the accident, or as close as possible and immediately return to the scene. You must remain at the scene to
- provide aid to any injured person, including making arrangements for medical treatment.
- provide your name, address and license plate number.
- show your driver license to any person involved, if requested.
Conviction for failure to comply will result in your driving privilege being
- revoked for 10 years (not including the time you are incarcerated), if involving death.
- revoked for five years (not including the time you are incarcerated), if involving serious physical injury.
- revoked for three years if involving injury other than death or serious physical injury.
- suspended for one year if involving only damage to a vehicle.