ADOT’s dust detection and warning system ready for fifth monsoon

ADOT’s dust detection and warning system ready for fifth monsoon

I-17 101 traffic interchange

ADOT’s dust detection and warning system ready for fifth monsoon

ADOT’s dust detection and warning system ready for fifth monsoon

June 11, 2024

Innovative safety corridor helps drivers reduce speed during dust storms

PHOENIX – Picacho Peak stands out as the signature landmark along Interstate 10 between Phoenix and Tucson. Next to the freeway, a transportation landmark entering its fifth monsoon season stands ready to activate when blowing dust dangerously reduces visibility.

During Monsoon Awareness Week, the Arizona Department of Transportation is reminding drivers how this first-of-its-system works to enhance safety with signs that can lower the legal speed limit and message boards that post urgent updates. It stretches along 10 miles of I-10 between Eloy and Picacho, an area with a history of blowing dust and storm-related crashes.

The system has operated as designed since the start of the 2020 monsoon season and has activated during an estimated 50 blowing dust events. It’s achieving positive results too: Roadway sensors show motorists are slowing down in the dust detection zone when the system automatically reduces speed limits.

Thirteen visibility sensors mounted on posts along the freeway use light beams to determine the density of dust particles in the air. Once visibility drops to certain levels, the system activates overhead message boards and the variable speed limit signs.

As drivers approach the area, they are greeted by signs saying “Caution: Variable Speed Limit Corridor.” Then a series of programmable speed limit signs every 1,000 feet can change the legal speed limit from 75 mph to as low as 35 mph. More electronic signs are posted in the corridor to remind drivers of the temporary speed limit.

Drivers will also see overhead electronic message boards in and near the corridor that alert them to blowing dust and warn them to slow down. Speed feedback signs will inform drivers of their real-time speeds. An important reminder: The variable speed limits are enforceable, meaning drivers can get cited for exceeding the temporarily reduced speed limit.

This technology cannot replace common sense when it comes to driving in dust storms. While drivers will get almost instant warnings about hazardous driving conditions within the 10-mile corridor, the safest decision drivers can make is to delay travel if a severe storm is on the move. If caught in a dust storm, drivers should take the next exit if possible. When no exits are nearby, drivers should pull off the roadway, turn off lights and take their foot off the brake. 

For additional information on dust storms and safety, please visit

Budget extra time on weekdays if taking SR 260 to or from the Rim

Budget extra time on weekdays if taking SR 260 to or from the Rim

I-17 101 traffic interchange

Budget extra time on weekdays if taking SR 260 to or from the Rim

Budget extra time on weekdays if taking SR 260 to or from the Rim

June 6, 2024

ADOT safety project continues west of Heber-Overgaard

PHOENIX – Motorists taking State Route 260 to and from the Mogollon Rim on weekdays should budget extra travel time with a safety project underway west of Heber-Overgaard 

East- and westbound SR 260 traffic is alternating in one lane between Rim Road and Heber-Overgaard (mileposts 282-304) from 5 a.m. to 6 p.m. Mondays through Thursdays and from 5 a.m. to noon on Fridays. Drivers should expect significant delays that become more pronounced as the weekend approaches.

The restriction is lifted outside of the posted work hours, on weekends and on holidays. 

A $24.9 million project is extending and improving drainage facilities, constructing a 5-foot shoulder on both sides of the roadway, making guardrail improvements and spot pavement repairs, and restriping of the roadway. Construction is scheduled through summer 2026 but goes on hiatus during the winter.

For more information, visit

Map showing State Route 260 project area

Governor’s Office of Highway Safety grant supports crash data collection

Governor’s Office of Highway Safety grant supports crash data collection

I-17 101 traffic interchange

Governor’s Office of Highway Safety grant supports crash data collection

Governor’s Office of Highway Safety grant supports crash data collection

May 24, 2024

ADOT receives $72,000 supporting team that processes crash reports

PHOENIX – A grant from the Arizona Governor's Office of Highway Safety continues support for the Arizona Department of Transportation’s processing of critical crash data submitted by law enforcement.

As it has annually since 2014, the Governor’s Office of Highway Safety awarded $72,000 to ADOT’s Crash Records section, which is responsible under state law for creating crash data reports that government agencies, nonprofit groups and other entities statewide use to improve traffic safety.

The grant funds an additional position within the Crash Records unit that processes crash data, helping ensure that accurate crash information is publicized in a timely manner to help agencies and stakeholders find ways to increase safety on Arizona’s roads.

The Arizona Governor's Office of Highway Safety is the focal point for highway safety issues in Arizona. The cabinet agency provides leadership by developing, promoting and coordinating programs; influencing public and private policy; and increasing public awareness of highway safety. For more information about the Governor's Office of Highway Safety, please visit

To see annual ADOT reports derived from crash data, please visit

ADOT updating Arizona’s strategic plans to enhance highway safety

ADOT updating Arizona’s strategic plans to enhance highway safety

I-17 101 traffic interchange

ADOT updating Arizona’s strategic plans to enhance highway safety

ADOT updating Arizona’s strategic plans to enhance highway safety

April 15, 2024

Public input sought through May 17

PHOENIX – The Arizona Department of Transportation is updating its Strategic Highway Safety Plan and creating the state’s first Active Transportation Safety Action Plan and is asking for the public’s input on safety concerns and priorities to help develop the plans. 

Federal regulations require each state to have a Strategic Highway Safety Plan for reducing fatalities and serious injuries on public roadways and to update that plan every five years. ADOT leads development of this plan in partnership with local, state, federal and other stakeholders so that all highway safety programs can leverage resources and work together effectively to enhance safety.

The Strategic Highway Safety Plan establishes a statewide vision and strategies for improving safety, with a goal of reducing life-altering crashes by 20% by 2030. The plan is based on the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Safe System Approach, which looks at all factors affecting safety and emphasizes a shared responsibility for improving safety on roadways. 

Meanwhile, ADOT and its partners are developing Arizona’s first Active Transportation Safety Action Plan to address a rise in pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities in Arizona, the vast majority of which occur on local roadways. This plan will recommend location-specific projects to improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists where they interact with the state highway system. 

Information on both efforts is available at

ADOT is holding public meetings to provide an overview of the plans and offer the opportunity for public input on safety concerns and priorities. The meetings will be held:

5:30-7 p.m., Tuesday, April 30
Gateway Community College, Copper Room
108 N. 40th St.

5:30-7 p.m., Thursday, May 2
Flagstaff Aquaplex
1702 N. Fourth St.

5:30-7 p.m., Tuesday, May 7
Ramada by Wyndham
777 W. Cushing St.

6 p.m. Thursday, May 9
Registration link: 

You also can provide input through Friday, May 17, in these ways:

  • Complete an online survey at: 
  • Email: [email protected] 
  • Call the bilingual phone line: 855.712.8530
  • Mail: ADOT SHSP & ATSAP, 1655 W. Jackson St., MD 126F, Phoenix, AZ 85007

For more information, please visit


ADOT vehicle-to-infrastructure pilot study wins national award

ADOT vehicle-to-infrastructure pilot study wins national award

I-17 101 traffic interchange

ADOT vehicle-to-infrastructure pilot study wins national award

ADOT vehicle-to-infrastructure pilot study wins national award

January 31, 2024

Testing evaluated safety promise of emerging transportation technology

PHOENIX – The Arizona Department of Transportation has received a national award for a pilot study that looks toward the day when additional transportation infrastructure will be able to give drivers critical information about conditions ahead.

The National Operations Center of Excellence, an organization dedicated to the management and operation of state highways, presented ADOT with its Transportation Systems Management and Operations (TSMO) Award in the Emerging Trends and Technologies category.

With funding provided through the Maricopa Association of Governments’ Emerging Technology Program, ADOT partnered with Verizon to test the viability of using sensors, cameras and wireless connectivity to deliver critical information about upcoming curves, work zones and slowing traffic.

“The purpose of the pilot project was to test and validate that critical safety notices could be sent to drivers in an efficient and timely manner,” said Susan Anderson, Systems Technology Group Manager for ADOT’s Transportation Systems Management and Operations division. “It helps position us for the day when vehicles are equipped to interact with transportation infrastructure.”

During the pilot program, as the test driver entered a segment, a safety message was sent to a cellphone app that broadcast an audio alert and notified a passenger with a visual alert of the real-time traffic conditions.

This technology, often referred to as vehicle-to-infrastructure or vehicle-to-everything, isn’t available yet for the general public. ADOT doesn’t currently use apps that broadcast traveler information on slowing for curves, work zones, traffic slowing and similar real-time conditions.

You can learn more about ADOT’s pilot study here.

Federal grant will fund I-17 wildlife overpass near Flagstaff

Federal grant will fund I-17 wildlife overpass near Flagstaff

I-17 101 traffic interchange

Federal grant will fund I-17 wildlife overpass near Flagstaff

Federal grant will fund I-17 wildlife overpass near Flagstaff

December 4, 2023

Award of $24 million comes from Federal Highway Administration

PHOENIX – The Federal Highway Administration has awarded Arizona a $24 million grant for a wildlife overpass and other improvements designed to reduce crashes involving wildlife and better connect habitats along Interstate 17 south of Flagstaff in northern Arizona. 

The Arizona Department of Transportation, in partnership with the Arizona Game and Fish Department, sought the grant through FHWA’s Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program for improvements along 8.4 miles of I-17 between the Munds Park traffic interchange, about 25 miles south of Flagstaff, and the Kelly Canyon traffic interchange to the north. 

“I am grateful to the Federal Highway Administration for supporting Arizona’s commitment to protecting its residents, visitors and wildlife,” Arizona Governor Katie Hobbs said. “Many drivers use I-17 as a gateway to some of Arizona’s most popular treasures, including the Grand Canyon. While helping keep those travelers safe, this project will support elk, deer and other wildlife that make Arizona so special.”

The I-17 wildlife project is one of 19 nationally to receive funding through the first round of $110 million in grants from FHWA.

“We are pleased to announce the first round of grants under the Wildlife Crossings Pilot Program to projects that will significantly reduce the number of collisions between motorists and wildlife,” said Federal Highway Administrator Shailen Bhatt, who traveled to Arizona to make the announcement at Sunset Point along I-17. “These roadway safety investments will ensure that motorists and wildlife in Arizona get to their destinations safely and are a win-win for safety and the environment.”

In addition to the I-17 wildlife overpass, which is planned for milepost 327.4 in the Willard Springs area, the project also will include new 8-foot-tall wildlife fencing tying into existing culverts, ramps to help wildlife escape fenced areas and double cattle guards at interchanges. It will connect with a Game and Fish project that will retrofit wildlife fencing along 6 miles of I-17 south from Munds Park that directs wildlife to two existing large bridges. The nearly 15 miles covered by these two safety projects accounted for 58% of crashes involving wildlife between 2018 and 2022 between Stoneman Lake Road and Flagstaff. In this 31.7-mile stretch, around three-quarters of all crashes between vehicles and wildlife involve elk, which can weigh up to 1,100 pounds.

The area between Munds Park and Kelly Canyon is one of three priority areas proposed by the state for new wildlife overpasses because of higher potential for collisions involving wildlife, particularly elk and deer. The other interstate freeway locations identified as potential sites for wildlife overpasses are I-17 near the Kachina Boulevard interchange, about 6 miles south of Flagstaff, and Interstate 40 west of Parks. ADOT and its partners continue to seek funding for projects at the other two priority sites. 

Identified by the federal, state and Coconino County governments as a high priority corridor for elk movement, the 8.4 miles of I-17 through the Willard Springs area currently has no bridges and only one road culvert suitable for use by elk and deer. The wildlife overpass will be 100 feet wide designed for use by elk, deer, foxes, coyotes, bobcats, black bears, mountain lions and smaller animals. 

A projected start date will be determined in the coming months. The project will require completion of final design, including environmental review, project programming and other required steps. This process will be initiated due to the federal grant.

In 2015, FHWA awarded ADOT, the Arizona Game and Fish Department and other partners its Environmental Excellence Award for Excellence in Environmental Leadership for numerous efforts to reduce conflicts between vehicles and wildlife while connecting habitats.

“ADOT has a rich history of coordinating with the Arizona Game and Fish Department and other partners on projects that promote safety for both motorists and wildlife,” ADOT Director Jennifer Toth said. “This grant will advance these efforts in a critical corridor for recreational and commercial travel while helping elk, deer and other creatures whose habitats span northern Arizona.” 

For the project funded by the Federal Highway Administration grant, Game and Fish has committed $1.5 million in matching funds along with $750,000 toward project design. Game and Fish also received a $1 million America the Beautiful Challenge grant from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation that, along with $387,000 in matching funds, will be used for the fence retrofit along I-17 south from Munds Park. 

“As Arizona continues to grow, crossing structures such as wildlife overpasses and underpasses will have the dual benefit of reducing wildlife-vehicle collisions for public safety while also connecting fragmented habitats, allowing wildlife to access vital resources, preserving migratory routes, and maintaining genetic diversity,” said Arizona Game and Fish Department Director Ty Gray. “We’re grateful to the Federal Highway Administration and our sister state agency, the Arizona Department of Transportation, for this opportunity to help ensure a wildlife legacy for future generations.”

Other notable collaborations between ADOT, Arizona Game and Fish Department and partners including the U.S. Forest Service and Regional Transportation Authority in Pima County include: 

  • A reconstruction of 17 miles of US 93 in far northwestern Arizona featuring three wildlife overpasses and two bridged underpasses in desert bighorn sheep habitat, complemented by three underpasses on State Route 68 between Bullhead City and Golden Valley.
  • A system of crossing and fencing on SR 260 east of Payson designed to reduce crashes involving elk and deer. 
  • A 6-mile reconstruction of SR 77 (Oracle Road) north of Tucson that included an  overpass and underpass connecting wildlife habitats in the Santa Catalina and Tortolita mountains. 
  • Two wildlife underpasses and 6 miles of fencing added to SR 86 between Tucson and Sells.

ADOT, MCDOT receive federal grant to enhance work zone safety

ADOT, MCDOT receive federal grant to enhance work zone safety

I-17 101 traffic interchange

ADOT, MCDOT receive federal grant to enhance work zone safety

ADOT, MCDOT receive federal grant to enhance work zone safety

September 11, 2023

Agencies will deploy new technologies to aid drivers, work crews

PHOENIX – The shared goal of enhancing safety in work zones is getting a helping hand from a U.S. Department of Transportation grant recently awarded to the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) and the Maricopa County Department of Transportation (MCDOT).

ADOT and MCDOT will use the $970,000 Accelerated Innovation Deployment (AID) Demonstration Grant to strategically procure and deploy next generation freeway and arterial technology to help keep both motorists and workers safe in construction and maintenance work zones. Key outcomes for using this technology include improving highway and arterial roadway efficiency, safety, mobility and reliability through more effective management of work zones.  

“Safety has always been ADOT’s top priority, and new technologies are powerful tools to help us expand our efforts in work zones,” said Greg Byres, ADOT State Engineer and Deputy Director for Transportation. “This grant will help ADOT and MCDOT make work zones even safer for the public and road workers, while also giving drivers real-time information when it’s most needed.”

ADOT and MCDOT have both successfully deployed Smart Work Zone technologies during freeway and arterial roadway construction projects. The proposed technologies to be deployed with this grant are new devices and systems that have not been used in Arizona. This technology also can generate real-time data from devices in the work zone and provide it to transportation agency systems, which can then broadcast it through traveler information tools.

“MCDOT has been a leader in emerging, smart technologies for more than a decade,” said Jesse Gutierrez, MCDOT Director. “These new technologies not only promise the benefit of improved work zone safety, they also can deliver real-time traffic information to keep the public apprised of potential delays and when they should seek an alternate route.” 

Examples of potential smart work zone technology being deployed include: 

  • Intelligent cones to transmit work zone data

  • Intelligent cones to warn workers if a vehicle enters the construction area

  • Emergency light alerts to warn travelers of construction and emergency vehicles

  • Impact alert barricades

  • Smart arrow boards with real-time traffic information alerts

  • Smart rumble strips that are activated based on traffic flow to warn motorists to slow down

ADOT and MCDOT have selected four projects where the technology will deployed starting in 2023:

  • ADOT’s project to replace the Interstate 10 Gila River Bridges in Pinal County

  • ADOT’s project to rehabilitate pavement on State Route 86 in Pima County, between mileposts 90-105

  • MCDOT’s project to improve the intersection of MC 85/91st Avenue

  • Various MCDOT maintenance projects

About ADOT:

The Arizona Department of Transportation is a multimodal transportation agency focused on safety and serving the traveling public in one of the nation’s fastest-growing regions. ADOT is responsible for planning, building and operating more than 6,500 miles of state highways, thousands of bridges and the Grand Canyon National Park Airport. The agency also operates the Motor Vehicle Division, providing title, registration and driver-license services throughout the state.

About MCDOT: 

Maricopa County is the fourth-largest county in the nation, as well as one of the fastest-growing counties. The Maricopa County Department of Transportation is responsible for planning, designing, building, maintaining and operating roads in unincorporated Maricopa County. MCDOT’s core purpose is providing conne

When temperatures soar, take along ADOT’s Extreme Heat Road Kit

When temperatures soar, take along ADOT’s Extreme Heat Road Kit

I-17 101 traffic interchange

When temperatures soar, take along ADOT’s Extreme Heat Road Kit

When temperatures soar, take along ADOT’s Extreme Heat Road Kit

August 25, 2023

These are the essentials if you are delayed or your vehicle breaks down


PHOENIX ‒ Keys? Check. Wallet? Check. But are you prepared for extreme heat should you encounter delays or if your vehicle breaks down? 

This is why the Arizona Department of Transportation has an Extreme Heat Road Kit available at Even in a vehicle with air conditioning, it pays to consult this resource if you’re planning to travel in the next several days. 

Must-haves include a fully charged cellphone and a cooler with cold water for all passengers, including pets. But don’t stop there: ADOT’s Extreme Heat Road Kit suggests sun protection, such as sunscreen, an umbrella for shade, a wide-brimmed hat and loose-fitting, light-colored cotton clothing, should you have to exit your vehicle.

Keep your tank at at least three-quarters full. Running out of gas, especially in a remote location, is dangerous in extreme heat.

If your vehicle breaks down in extreme heat, call for assistance right away to reduce wait time, and run the AC. If the AC isn’t working, roll down all windows.

Here are other recommendations should you become stranded along the road:

  • DRINK WATER. Make sure everyone, including pets, stays hydrated.

  • If temperatures inside the vehicle become too hot, everyone, including pets, should exit carefully and seek out or create a shaded area as far away from the travel lanes as possible.

  • Be careful walking on the road surface, which can be hot enough to burn skin. Keep your shoes on and try to keep your pets’ paws off the pavement.

  • Raise the front hood and turn on hazard lights.

  • You can help avoid breakdowns and blowouts by making sure your vehicle is in good operating condition. Check your air conditioner and coolant levels, top off any vital engine fluids and make sure your battery is up to par. Check your tire pressure, as the combination of underinflated tires and hot pavement can lead to a blowout.

So before you travel in extreme heat, make sure you’re ready by visiting And whatever you may be planning, be sure to check out Arizona Department of Health Services heat safety tips at tailored for older adults, outdoor workers, schools and more.

Traffic fatalities in Arizona rose for third straight year in 2022

Traffic fatalities in Arizona rose for third straight year in 2022

I-17 101 traffic interchange

Traffic fatalities in Arizona rose for third straight year in 2022

Traffic fatalities in Arizona rose for third straight year in 2022

July 31, 2023

Crash Facts report shows speed remains a leading factor in fatal, serious crashes

PHOENIX – Traffic fatalities in Arizona rose again in 2022, according to the state’s annual report on motor vehicle crashes on all roads, including local streets. 

There were 1,294 traffic fatalities across the state last year, an increase of 8.6% compared to 2021, according to the 2022 Arizona Motor Vehicle Crash Facts report. Figures show crashes associated with inappropriate speed and speeding accounted for a greater share of deaths and injuries, providing a sobering reminder for Arizonans to avoid such unsafe driving behaviors.

Pedestrian, bicyclist and motorcyclist deaths all increased last year. Overall, the 2022 traffic fatality total is the second-highest ever recorded in Arizona and only slightly behind the 1,301 deaths recorded in 2006. The number of traffic fatalities in the state has gone up every year since 2019. Injuries from crashes totaled 52,411 during 2022, a slight increase from 2021. 

The Arizona Department of Transportation produces the annual Motor Vehicle Crash Facts report, which is a compilation of traffic crash reports provided by law enforcement agencies around the state. The document reflects reported crash data for all Arizona roadways, including city streets, county roads, reservation roads and state highways.

Fatalities are driven mostly by driver behavior, primarily involving speed, failure to use safety devices such as seat belts and motorcycle helmets, and impairment. 

“Every single traffic fatality is an unspeakable loss for families and for this state,” ADOT Director Jennifer Toth said. “ADOT and our law enforcement partners need every driver, pedestrian, bicyclist and motorcyclist working together to prevent crashes, injuries and deaths.”

More traffic fatalities, 821 in 2022 versus 723 in 2021, occurred on local roads or non-state highways. There were roughly the same number of fatalities on state highways in 2022: 473 versus 469 in 2021.

Among factors cited, speed – determined by law enforcement to be unlawful or too fast for conditions – was reported in serious crashes resulting in 426 fatalities and 20,069 injuries during 2022. This accounted for 32.9% and 38.3% of the totals, respectively. During 2021, speed was a factor in 371 fatalities and 19,571 injuries, accounting for 31.1% and 37.8% of the totals, respectively. 

“We are seeing an increase in both traffic and fatal collisions," said Major Jason Leonard, Chief of Staff of the Arizona Department of Public Safety’s Highway Patrol Division. “Most of these collisions are preventable if drivers do two things. First, avoid distractions and remain focused on the task of driving. Second, be patient and drive within the law, especially relating to speed, passing and distracted driving. It is imperative that everyone in your vehicle properly utilizes seatbelts and/or car seats to reduce injury in the event of a collision. Your safety is far more important than the time you arrive, or anything on your mobile device.”

  • There were 302 pedestrian fatalities during 2022, a 16.2% increase from 260 in 2021. Forty-eight bicyclists died in crashes during 2022 compared to 45 in 2021. Bicycle-related fatalities have risen each year since 2018.

  • There were 228 motorcyclist fatalities in crashes during 2022, a 36.5% increase from 167 during 2021. Nearly three times as many motorcycle crashes involved riders and passengers wearing helmets, yet 42% of the fatalities in which authorities could determine helmet use involved riders and passengers who weren’t wearing helmets.

  • Overall, failure to use a safety device, such as a seat belt or helmet, declined slightly in 2022 as a factor in traffic fatalities. The 364 fatalities and 944 injuries from not using a safety device, accounting for 38.6% and 6.6% of the totals, respectively. In 2021, there were 379 fatalities and 3,224 injuries in which individuals didn’t use safety devices, accounting for 42.7% and 6.6% of the totals, respectively.

  • Alcohol-related crashes resulting in fatalities also saw a slight decline during 2022. There were 223 fatalities and 3,538 injuries in crashes related to alcohol, accounting for 17.2% and 6.8% of the totals, respectively. During 2021, there were 253 fatalities and 3,617 injuries in alcohol-related crashes, accounting for 21.2% and 7% of the totals, respectively. 

The 2022 Arizona Motor Vehicle Crash Facts report and reports for previous years are available at

National Bike Month: ADOT is here to promote safe pedaling

National Bike Month: ADOT is here to promote safe pedaling

I-17 101 traffic interchange

National Bike Month: ADOT is here to promote safe pedaling

National Bike Month: ADOT is here to promote safe pedaling

May 9, 2023

Riders and motorists have roles in making bicycling safe and enjoyable

PHOENIX – May is National Bike Month, and the Arizona Department of Transportation has tips to help riders and motorists make bicycling a safe and enjoyable way to get around. 

Be sure to check out Share the Road, ADOT’s pocket guide explaining how bicyclists and motorists can coexist legally and safely in Arizona. The more bicyclists and motorists understand each other’s needs, the better we all can respect and cooperate on state highways and local streets. 

Bicyclists may be surprised to learn that they have the same rules, rights and responsibilities as others on the road. They must follow traffic laws in school zones by slowing down and not passing any other vehicle. In modern roundabouts, bicyclists must yield to traffic – including other bicyclists – already in the roundabout, just as motorists are required to do. Another option at a modern roundabout is dismounting and walking a bike like a pedestrian.

Meanwhile, bicyclists have additional responsibilities when it comes to protecting themselves, including a requirement under state law to use, at a minimum, a rear red reflector and white front headlight. State law requires bicyclists to use hand signals to show their intentions. Some Arizona cities and counties require bicyclists under age 18 to wear a helmet, but helmets and mirrors are essential to your safety regardless of whether they are required.

Most of all, ride defensively. Be aware of your surroundings, including the possibility that vehicles will turn, doors of parked cars will open and side traffic will enter the roadway without seeing you. Make eye contact with drivers to confirm you’re on their radar. 

Motorists, you aren’t off the hook when it comes to bicycle safety. When changing lanes, turning left or right, opening your car door or pulling out from driveways, be aware that cyclists could be in the vicinity and may be traveling faster than you’d expect. State law requires you to give at least 3 feet of clearance when you pass a bicyclist, but allow 5 feet when possible. 

Both bicyclists and motorists can help keep themselves and each other safer by resisting the temptation to look at their smartphones rather than the road. Conditions can change in an instant regardless of whether you are pedaling or pressing an accelerator. 

All of this is just a starting point. Please check out Share the Road to learn not just about safety but ways to make bike commuting easier and what other state laws bicyclists should keep in mind.